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Wednesday, May 27, 2015

SETTING UP AN E-MAIL

 How to get a free Electronic Mail

To sum it up, an existing e-mail is imperative for everyday activities nowadays, it's just because, In general, a social media required an e-mail of yours,  to set up an account: (example: Google Plus my favorite), hehe

May 27, 2015

Most of the companies that offer free software's online may require an e-mail, such as:  If you want to download a free game, a free photo editor application to enhance your personal pictures or an antivirus program that is a free download for your computer, you may need to provide an e-mail as a requirement, and or so that you as a user can be provided with an update later on.
To create a new e-mail,  if you're a beginner, you must have a phone number to  include for resetting your password, that way;  it will be easier for you to recover your account just in case,  if ever you will forget and or compromise  your account in the future. For some free web mails providers out there, a phone number is required.



To sign up for the first time, a phone number is required to verify your account if you have no any other existing e-mail to provide. After creating a new account, make sure to jot down all the information's you provided for a back-up document in the future..


Gmail Form Window

Some free web mail providers out there also are Mail.Com, Yahoo, Hotmail, and so on. You can chose though whoever you want, my apologies.
However there are three types of e-mail “recipients”. Primary-(TO), is the first individual to whom you intend to send the message. Secondary- (CC), are the interested parties who want to receive a copy of the message. Tertiary-(BCC),  Blind Carbon Copy-(bcc) bcc'ng someone is very important, if you want to send someone a message but that someone prefer (to be cc'd), meaning to hide such a certain e-mail address from someone to everybody receiving the same message. 
       E-mail    

Friday, March 27, 2015

WORKING WITH FILES

Working With Texts

If only MS Office suite program isn't included on your Operating System (i.e. Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, Access), Go to Start Menu Button, Point to All Programs, select Accessories>click on WordPad or Notepad, they are included with you computer-Win 7, 8, 8.1 OS, etc. Otherwise, you can use the MS Word.
March 27, 2015

In this tutorial, you will learn how to manage your files. By the way, what is a File? A File is a collection of data, which has a name and is stored on a computer’s drive or in an external drive. After creating a File, you can print it, open it, edit its contents, and or save it again usually using the same program you used to create it. To accomplish any given task that involves texts, you must type texts where texts are required though.

When you start a document program, such as the WordPad, a blank wide area will appear below the menu bar, toolbars and ruler. That area is called the document window. By the upper left side of the document window, the flashing vertical bar is called the Insertion Point. The insertion Point shows your typing position on the screen, and it moves as you type and usually blinks when you pause your typing.
Word Pad window
The Insertion Point indicates where the characters you type will appear. As you type sentences of texts in the specified document window, no need to press the Enter Key on your Keyboard when you reach the right margin of the page. Most Windows document programs contain a feature called Word Wrap, which automatically continues your texts on the next line. Therefore, you can press the Enter key only when you have completed a paragraph.  While the mouse pointer moves freely around on the screen as you move the mouse and when the mouse pointer is positioned in a text area, it looks like an I-Beam. 

Notepad window 
If ever you make a typing error, just position the Mouse’ I Beam-Pointer to select the texts by highlighting all the texts you want to delete and then press the Enter key on the Keyboard. When you move the Mouse’ I- Beam pointer to a position on the screen where texts has been typed, and you click the mouse, the Insertion Point moves to that location. Use the Insertion Point, to erase the typed wrong texts by moving the I-Beam Pointer to the correct position over the wrong -typed texts and then click. The Insertion Point moves to where you clicked then use the Backspace key.

In general, whatever project you are working on your computer and or when you type texts on a document program, it is being held temporarily in the computer’s temporary memory called RAM, (RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY), and is being erased when you turn off or restart the computer. For permanent storage, you must save your work on your computer’s hard drive, (if applicable),  otherwise you need to save it on an external disk, such as a Floppy disk or a USB just in case of a power failure, otherwise your work will be gone for good and only a professional retriever can retrieve your work.

If you will use a new disk to store your files, only format the disk when it’s unformatted and or its old and you wanted to reuse it.  To completely erase and reuse an old disk, you can format the disk using the Quick Format command. 
Format Option Command


Go>Start Menu>Point to select Windows File Explorer>Right click on the specified USB or Floppy disk and point to select Format>Put a check mark on Quick format box>then Press the Start button.


Format options-Creating an MS DOS startup disk

If you will save your document for the first time, Go File Menu tab>Point to select Save option, a pop up Save As dialogue box appears, it gives an option where you want to save your file (if applicable: on the hard disk or the computer's Documents folder), Otherwise use an external disk to store your file, by selecting the correct destination folder on the Left Pane-Explorer bar options, of the Save As dialogue box window. Name the file by typing a name that you can easily remember then click Save. The file is automatically saved in that application you are using.  At the bottom of the dialogue box, you will find out the document you're saving in its' own file type, (.RTF, etc.).

Saving Command

You could delete files (only you created) which you no longer need, so that your folders and disks don't get cluttered.  Use Windows Explorer File window to manage your files by using the Delete command on the file's shortcut menu options. 
Right click on a given file, click on Delete option>Select permanently delete the file by pressing Okay button. However, be careful when deleting a folder, examine it contents first, and only delete the whole folder if you no longer need the contents. All the deleted files from your computers C:Drive, goes inside the Recycle Bin.


Delete command
 The Recycle Bin is an area on your hard drive that holds deleted files, until you emptied the Recycle Bin, and then they're removed permanently, and can't be recoverable anymore. (If applicable), you'll find the Recycle Bin on your desktop. However, in public places though, such as the public library, no need to delete such an item that you downloaded on the computer's hard drive from the Internet, the operating system's already been programmed to delete such items.

Recycle Bin
However when you delete files and or folders from an external drive such as: USB and Floppy disk, they can't be recovered anymore; such deleted items will not go to Recycle Bin at all, once you deleted them, they're  gone for good, meaning, they're permanently deleted.




To retrieve such deleted files or folders of yours inside the Recycle Bin, use the Restore Command on the Recycle Bin’s Restore option to return the deleted files and or folders from the C:Drive; You can return them back to their original location by Double clicking to open the Recycle Bin>right click on the item inside the bin and point to select Restore command option.

                                                                    [Working With Files]

Thursday, February 27, 2014

EXPLORING THE INTERNET

Exploring The Internet
 
To start exploring the Internet, an access to a computer with an Internet connection is a must. You can go to a Net café or to a Public Library, (depends on your situation). 

February 27, 2014







IE browser is just one of the many Internet crawlers to open up a Web Page. To name a few; Google Chrome, Safari, Opera, Netscape Navigator and Mozilla Firefox,  are  all Internet browsers; apparently, one of these Internet browsers  will allow you to embark on a search for a certain vacation spot,  read news, download a music video, watch a film, or even book your next flight to Banff National Park of Canada. FYI! There are more Internet web searchers out there, which I haven’t mentioned.
IE browser



Point to Start Menu, select All programs and click on IE explorer or double click on the IE icon on the desktop, to open it up, whatever may apply. To start exploring the Web, use IE explorer, the Internet browser that comes with your Windows 7 or 10 OS, whatever applies to you? When you connect to the Internet without specifying a particular Web page Windows 7 and or 10 OS, [whatever OS you may have], automatically loads your Home page-the web page designated by the operating system [you’re currently], using as your starting point.
A Title bar tells you the name of the web page, (i.e. MSN Canada, and also shows the resize buttons commands to use to, [minimize, restore, and exit or close] the web page, go Home, add or bookmark the current web page on your favorites sites, and change the settings of the web browser.
Address bar is the box where you type a URL, [uniform resource locator] for you to visit; also it shows you the address of the present opened web page. Standard Buttons Toolbar contains commands to click on to perform common tasks such as printing a web page.
Web page area, is the entire area which shows the current web page. Menu Bar is where the settings options for the page are located, (File, Edit, View, Tools, & Help buttons), Status bar is located at the bottom of the web page, it shows information about the present browser's action, [Example: page text is 100% zoomed].
Scroll bars, lets you to scroll up and down and or right and left, when the current web page is wider and or longer than the browser window.
After you type the URL of a webpage you want to visit, in the address bar, just Press Enter on your keyboard, to go to that specified web address.
While you’re already browsing the Internet, you should also know how to activate a link. (Let’s find out first, what is a world wide web?)  A World Wide Web is a system of hypertext documents-(electronic files), that contain elements known as, hyperlinks or just links which target other parts of a document or other documents altogether. A link can be a text or a phrase or a graphic image. Each hypertext document on the web is called a web page and is stored on a computer on the Internet called a web server. A web page can contain links to other web pages located anywhere on the Internet – on the same computer as the original webpage or on an entirely different computer halfway across the world.
Usually, a web link is colored, underlined and in bold font. When you click on a web link, it will let you jump to a new location, it can be on another web page, on a different web server and in another country.

While I'm in Canada, one of my website's links is from a far away land which is my native country, the Philippines. (it is 17 hours and a half  by plane from Calgary International Airport and 8 hours car ride from Manila International Airport), absolutely, one of the most important features of the World Wide Web. Linking a page is a special feature of the WWW (World Wide Web). 


My links

Pangasinan is an exotic province by the way, which offers lovely beaches.

To successfully connect to a hyperlink can vary, it depends on the number of people trying to connect on the same website at that time, the web address design, (such as, if the web site is designed with heavy graphics, it’ll be slow it’s Internet connection), and how fast is the speed of your own Internet connection. To add a specific website to your Favorites web addresses, just Go> Standard Buttons Toolbar  and click on Star Icon command  to bookmark the page, or Go>Menu Bar, Point to select Favorites and click on Add to Favorites/Add to Favorites Bar option.


My native province in Philippines

To capture an active web page on your desktop, For Windows OS>Press Fn+ PrtSc on your keyboard.  Point to Start Menu>select All Programs and click on Paint program> press Paste command button on Paints’ Toolbar's command buttons, Windows pastes the entire contents of your Web Page into the Paint program; click on Save as option, on whatever format of the file you may want to save it, such as in BMP, JPEG, GIF, PNG  or other formats or just click on Save it as it is, and rename the file after. You can edit your captured web page by cropping the photo, and placing texts to it with the Paint commands buttons’ help.


My captured web page
[IE Explorer] 

Monday, January 27, 2014

USING WINDOWS FILE EXPLORER

Using Windows File Explorer

First of all, if you don't know what a Windows File Explorer is; then you will not find any file and folder you need to work on. You will need a Windows File Explorer window, to manage your files, devices and folders, or search for an image or document; all you do is type in the name of the file in the File Explorer Search Bar.


January 27, 2014

File Explorer Elements:
One way to organize files and folders, is to use Windows File Explorer program. It is included in your Windows 7 or 10 OS. It'll be easy to view, move, copy, or delete your files and folders. Windows File Explorer lets you view the hierarchy of all the folders on your computer and lets you keep track of where your files and folders are stored as well.
 A File Explorer window is divided into two sections, they are called panes. Left pane shows the hierarchy of the folders and other locations on your computer. While the Right pane, lists the contents of these folders and other locations. The Right Pane serves as your work space.

Address Bar displays the location of the active folder. Menu Bar, contains commands for working with files and folders in the File Explorer window. Command Bar contains all the shortcut buttons to organize your files and folders, such as viewing them in details, lists,  etc. The Search Bar, help you search for a particular file or folder on your computer. When you search for a file or folder on your computer,  just type in the name of the file or folder in the Search Bar. Explorer Bar, lets you locate any specific folder or drive on your computer, while Folders Pane will display your files, folders, devices and other resources available to your computer.

To view the sub-folders of a folder or  a storage device on your computer, just simply click it, to collapse or hide its contents, just click on it again. For example, I selected the @maeritahuslive.com - External Hard Drive, in the Left pane-Explorer Bar, and the entire sub -folders stored in that folder appeared in the Right pane-Folders Pane.

To work with a device or a folder on your computer,  you must first select its name, on Explorer Bar, once selected, the device or folder appears highlighted and the Right Pane -Folders Pane displays its contents. P.S. below.


Windows File Explorer window



An external device such as USB, Floppy Disk, and Re-writable CD are external hard drives, which are like a file cabinet, a storage device that contains files and folders.


USB, Floppy Disks



If you want to search for a file, use the Search Address box by typing the name of the file you wanted to find. I searched for the singer-Autour de Lucie, inside my MP3'S folder, and it appeared instantly. P.S. photo below.

File Explorer window- Search Bar

You can create a new folder inside an external drive such as: USB, Floppy disk and Re-writable CD,  or on your own computer's Documents, Music or Pictures folder. (Your computer's hard drive is the first hard drive and is usually designated as C:Drive, other external hard drives you will add will be designated as D, E, F and so on).
Step1.) Open Windows File Explorer>select the folder that will contain the New Folder>Go Toolbar's Commands buttons> Click on New Folder command button and then a new folder will be created for you.

Toolbar's Command buttons>New Folder command button

Step2.) Type a name for the New Folder, and then press the Enter key on the keyboard.

A  New Folder has been created


However, only rename a file or a folder you created with a different name, (you can not rename the computer's default files and folders), to rename a file or a folder use the Rename command on the file's shortcut menu options. Go>right click on a file or a folder you recently created and point to select Rename option. Type its new name and press Enter key on the keyboard.


Rename  a file or folder


Windows File Explorer allows you to manage your devices and folders only whenever you want, otherwise they're being closed.
Windows File Explorer

Friday, December 27, 2013

KEYBOARDING AND KEYBOARD LAYOUT

Keyboarding & Keyboard Layout 

 I sometimes, see my siblings’ picking and hunting letters on the keyboard. Anyway, it will strain your fingers somehow or your wrist will be injured, if you do not use and or place your proper fingers on the keyboard.

December 27, 2013

Keyboarding with your proper fingers, is a must  if you’re into longer chatting with your friends, or surfing the web for longer hours , [on the computer], EXCEPT: of course! On those little gadgets you have, and then you can use your index finger or thumb whatever fits you.
First step:  You will place all your fingers in the so called - home position.   This so called - home-position is the area on the keyboard where you always have to rest your fingers after typing. This technique, applies to desktop -computer or laptop.
Image below, is my son placing his proper fingers on the keyboard.


My son is expert on keyboarding[ he actually doesn't look down  and find the letters on the keyboard while he's typing, he  just looks up on the screen to see and check on what he's composing about)

Place your right index finger on the [J] key and let your other three fingers touches onto the [K, L, ;] keys. Put your left index finger on the [F] key and let the other three finger touches onto the [D, S, A] keys.
You will actually feel this bump kind off on top of the [F] and [J] keys, so eventually, as you type along, it will come to your senses that those keys are your primary keys for your home –position., there’s no need for an excuse, why your fingers are flying all over the place. Lol
2nd step: It is very important that, the thumbs never leave the space bar. Your thumbs are assigned to press the space bar, so that’s why they need to be always resting on it. [Well, for instance: whenever you are on a plane, your elbows automatically find and rest on those chair- elbow pads, whatever you call them].
3rd step: (Q, A, Z, TAB, CAPS LOCK, SHIFT) are typed with the pinkie of your left hand.
4th step: ALT, press with your index finger while the CTRL key is press by your index finger.
Note: Shift button is used for capitalizing a letter, instead of using the CAPS LOCK all the time, (so if you are typing a letter on your right hand side, and want it to capitalize, press the shift key with the pinkie on your left- hand side[shift key- left  side area]),  ( while if you are typing a letter on the left  hand side and needed a capitalization,  use your right hand side- pinkie to press the  [shift key-right side  area]).
Well, we learn new things everyday, so yeah, don't ever feel stupid if you have no clue how to turn off the CAPS key. (Try to do an experiment: turn on CAPS: by pressing once, then type your name, Turn off CAPS, by Pressing it again. That's Simple.
Fifth step:  (W, S, X) are typed with the ring finger of your left hand.
Sixth step:  (E, D, C) are typed with the middle finger of your left hand.
Seventh step: (R, F, V, B, G, T) are typed with the index finger of your left hand.
Eight step: (U, J, N, M, H, Y) are typed with your index finger of your right hand.
Ninth step: (I, K,  ,, <) on it are typed with the middle finger of your right hand.
Tenth step: (O, L, >,  .) will be typed with your ring finger of the right hand.
The pinkie of your right hand is used for typing: (P, , , :,, ; , “,  /, ?, [, {, ], }, \, SHIFT, ENTER, Backspace)  Keys
Numbers:  (optional: you can always use your numerical pad attached to your keyboard, if you prefer that way; so forget those scattered numbers above your alphabets).
Left hand side area
1 =left
2-=ring
3=middle
4, 5 =index
Right hand side area
6, 7=index
8=middle 
9=ring
0=pinkie
SPECIAL CHARACTERS:
 (-)  means MINUS, DASH, SUBTRACT, OR HYPHEN as in from (A-Z)
(_)  means UNDERSCORE [I am using this special character for my email address (ex:maerita_hus@gmail.com)
(~)  means TILDE, I use this character on MS EXCEL to hide a formula on a certain calculation that I don’t want it modified by anyone.
 (.) Means ELLIPSIS, PERIOD or DOT or  a FULL STOP
  \ / means LEFT and RIGHT DASH
{ } means open and close CURLY BRACE 
(  ) means open and close parenthesis
[ ] means OPEN AND CLOSE BRACKETS
< > means LESS THAN and GREATER THAN ( example: 66)
(‘) means APOSTROPHE
(;) means COLON
(: ) means SEMI-COLON
(“) means DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
(=)  means EQUALS SIGN  
(+)  means PLUS SIGN OR ADD
(!)  Means EXCLAMATION MARK
(#) means NUMBER and or SHARP SIGN (ex:  attaching it to a number; HOUSE OR PHONE NUMBER, #403 EVERGREENS HIGHWAY)
(%) means PERCENT
(@) means COMMERCIAL AT, [Is being used for EMAILS]
(&) means AND
(*) means ASTERISK, (I always use this special "character technique" for searching an unknown file inside my comp.) If I couldn't remember the name of a certain file I am looking for;  I combine it with a period in between two asterisks,  it  is a  (wildcard symbol or character) , (*.*), then  it  will show  me  a lot of  gazillion files inside my hard drive, where I can select that specific  file I wanted to open up.
($) means the DOLLAR SIGN
(^) means a CARET;  (`) means a GRAVE ACCENT are [It sometimes used on foreign names; ex: HÙS]
P.S.
Alpha=Alphabets,  (a, b …)
Numeric=Numbers, (1, 2…)
Special characters=symbols, (#, $...)
Keyboard Layout : For Windows OS, Go Start Menu>Select>Control Panel>Click on Clock Region and Language option, on its menu tab, select Keyboards and Languages command, to change the settings; Select to highlight the language that was programmed on your computer, select Delete button command, and or click on Add button command, to give you the languages options, Scroll down at the languages menu, then if found, put a check mark on the box beside the language you prefer, to be added to the Keyboard. Click on Apply button and Press Okay to change the Keyboard language. Restart the computer to apply the new settings.

[Keyboard,Keyboard Layout] 

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

EXPLORING YOUR COMPUTER

Exploring Your  Computer

Although, I was born in a remote village in the Philippines, I have already been familiar with the so-called computer device during my Grade 12 Class in the Philippines [and the first ever movie I watched on the computer’s screen was The Mannequin], just before I migrated to Canada during 1992.  Then I attended a college and graduated at the Academy of Learning in Winnipeg, Manitoba- Class of 2006; in Computers.

I, acquired this blog during 2009; but I haven't gotten really anything to publish until late of 2013, due to the fact that I’m a working widowed mother of 1 boy. However, I have decided to overhaul my whole blog and merge some of my posts that were of similar subjects.

November 27, 2013


Go press the Power on button, [when the Windows 7 or 10 OS, [whatever Windows Operating System you may have], the area that appears on your screen is called the desktop.  The Desktop - screen gets lighted up when it's turned on, and will get to display information in visual form using the text and graphics. The computer's screen can also show still or moving pictures. 


Monitor
"Desktop-Computer"



Monitor

Just Right -click on your task-bar, (depends on OS you have, with Win 7 OS), and select "show the desktop", your desktop will suddenly appear and automatically closes all the applications/files/programs/web pages that  you are presently working/browsing on it,  don’t worry,  they’ll just be all  minimized. P.S. below image.

Show Desktop command

What is a desktop? The desktop, is where you access desktop- shortcut icons, such as My Documents, Internet Explorer and Recycle Bin. (By the way, desktop shortcut icons are a quick ways to open a file, or a program without having to navigate to their original location inside your computer programs - folder. A copy of a desktop shortcut icon, (displays a "curved up" arrow)).



Send to Desktop command

 You can create a shortcut icon of your favorite web page, or a folder such as your music folder. To do this, Navigate to you Start Menu button, click on All Programs, then point to select Accessories, click on Windows File Explorer>Right click on Music folder and point to select Send to Desktop option, to create a desktop shortcut. One advantage of using shortcuts icons is that, shortcut icons can be deleted whenever your desktop becomes cluttered without affecting the original document.

Shortcut Icon

The Desktop serves as your work -space.

 Win 7 OS Desktop


My Win 7 OS Desktop -Details
Below the Desktop is The Task-bar that shows the Start Menu button- (displays menu options and appear as links that you can click on and see its contents);  The Quick Launch-bar-  (contains any pinned program, file, or folder icons, to open programs quickly, ); Any  file or folder buttons that you have currently open; A Desktop-toolbar, -(displays every item that appear on the desktop); And also the current Date and Time as well.


My Win 7 OS Desktop-Details


Pointing Devices
A Pointing Device helps you to interact with objects on your computer. 
Use the external Mouse and or Touch-Pad pointing device to open the Start Menu.  As you maneuver the mouse on the mouse pad, the pointer on the screen moves in a corresponding direction. The pointer changes its shape accordingly, depending on its location and what kind of task you are performing. It has the left and right side, left is for pointing and selecting, while the right is for right clicking, to give you options, to what you can do with a certain object being displayed. Meanwhile, a Touch-Pad Pointing Devices, have no moving parts, you will need to slide your finger to move the pointer and tap to click on an item.



 Mouse- Pointing Device


You must place your forefinger over the left mouse button and place your thumb on the left side of the mouse. Your ring and small fingers should be on the right of the mouse. Use your arm, not your wrist to move the mouse, you must move the "mouse's pointer" over to an object on the desktop. A mouse is usually placed on a mouse-pad for smooth scrolling.

The Mouse pointing devices,  [looks like "pointer-arrow"], is normally the shape of an arrow".



Mouse - Pointer Arrow



The Tower
While  your whole "laptop-computer",  is already completely functional, and there's no need to attach any "hardware- part" to it to fully operate,  meanwhile a "desktop-computer" can't be operated without its  "hardware’s parts", The Tower is the very important unit of a desktop-computer. It  has a Motherboard inside, which contains the microprocessor-CPU, (brains of your computer),  It's responsibility is to process all the data.  The C:drive is (housed inside the Tower); It contains all the system files.



 Tower

The Tower has also some slots to accommodate your external drives  to save and manage your files, (I.E. Floppy drives and Re-writable CD'S, are being sold by office supplies stores), while you are working on your certain projects, because the computer will not save your files permanently into it's C:drive, unless you save it. You can also insert  movies from DVD'S  to play and watch as well. 

The Modem
Modem (Wireless WI-Fi Network-Modem), is a must hardware,  to connect to the internet. The modem is the one that is sending and receiving information from your computer over a telephone line or a high speed cable. 


Modem



FYI:  Just to let you know that with my experiences with Wi-Fi: The signal is sometimes different in other areas inside the house. If for instance your Wi-Fi is on the upper level, (meaning 2nd level), the occupant on the 3rd level will have no problem receiving the signal, but within the basement level; Wi-Fi signal will be kind of slow, so you will need a power line Wi-Fi repeater in the basement area of your house. You can ask your Internet provider about it and also it is being sold at your local electronics stores.

The Keyboard, has function keys which are use for different functions depending on their assigned jobs, and to your right side is the numeric keypad that gives you access to easily enter numerical value on your files, documents or whatever you are working with,  that requires numbers; at the right side bottom is the navigational keys to help you scroll up and down the page within your document or on a webpage that are presently opened on your screen, (P.S. my Keyboarding post).
Your computer has (speakers) that are already built in within your computer but you have options to add an extra hardware that you might think is good to hear sound effects or to listen to better mp3’s. They are attached through USB-CABLE to the back of the system unit, also depending on what computer you have.



My Keyboard

The Printer
If you want to transfer any data from your computer to paper such as to print your resume,  scan your photos, web images or have a copy of your driver's license, and others,  then you need to connect a Printer device to your computer. You can access a  printer  anywhere, either by the Public Library or by a Net cafe.


You may Turn Off the computer by going to Start Menu Button down below left hand side of your Task-bar then press Shut Down command (depending on what your computer OS is), to close the Windows 7 and or 10 Operating System, and to turn off your computer properly.  Don't just press the Power On/Off button, to shut down the computer. By turning off your computer without shutting it down correctly, you might damage data and lose your files.



Shut Down Menu Options



Logging off, means you are exiting your work space and leaving the Windows 7 or 10 Operating system running and the computer is still on, in order to allow other users to log on, without restarting the computer,  This preference applies in public computer laboratories, libraries and other public premises.

Select Hibernate, if you want the computer to sleep, I usually do this method, if I wanted my son to play online with a specific time- frame so he can’t spend all his time playing games on the computer. [So if I programmed for 4 hours the windows; exactly after 4 hours, the computer will automatically hibernate, although he isn't finish with his game yet. The computer is on but the screen is locked]. This technique is good especially for children: who wants to spend all their time playing games online. Hibernate is similar to standby command.

Click on Standby command to put your work- space on (Windows 7 or 10),  in a power savings mode [to conserve its battery],  so you can quickly resume your session later. When you want to use your computer again, just press the Enter key on the keyboard; it comes out of standby quickly and your desktop is restored exactly as you left it. 

You can Restart the computer (i.e. after changing the settings of the operating system or updating the windows OS), to apply the new settings. You may select Restart command also, after you installed a new program on your computer.



Power Bar

Whether you have a laptop or a desktop computer, Plugging it to a power bar is very important  due to the fact, that The Power Bar, or a Power Strip with Electrical Outlets, will protect any device that is being plugged into, against electrical power surges. If you will try to use your laptop as a PC, (a desktop computer like in a 24 hours situation, then you can do so but leave the battery and do not remove it, just plug the laptop and also charging the battery at the same time while using it. The battery will stop charging once fully charged and won't harm it at all. (It will be lighted up in greenish color once fully charged). Laptops are designed and capable to be used as a PC-desktop.

                                                  

                                                                    [Using My Computer]