Wednesday, November 27, 2013

How To Properly Operate A Computer

Exploring Your Computer And It's Components


I've been familiar already with a computer device as early as during the early 90;s  and also I've gotten to be well educated in Winnipeg as well, where I migrated and landed (from Asia), and took up computer’s course during college of 2004-2006. Anyway, I acquired this blog during 2009; but I haven't gotten really anything to publish until late of 2013, due to the fact that I’m a working widowed mother of 1 boy, so I have pretty much a busy schedule day by day.

November 27, 2013

Go press the Power on button, [when the Windows 7 or 10 OS, [whatever Windows Operating System you may have], the area that appears on your screen is called the desktop.  The Desktop - screen gets lighted up when it's turned on, and will get to display information in visual form using the text and graphics. The computer's screen can also show still or moving pictures.



Monitor
"Desktop-Computer"



Monitor

 Showing The Desktop 

Just Right -click on your task-bar, (depends on OS you have, with Win 7 OS), and select "show the desktop", your desktop will suddenly appear and automatically closes all the applications/files/programs/web pages that  you are presently working/browsing on it,  don’t worry,  they’ll just be all  minimized. P.S. below image.

Show Desktop Command

What is a desktop?  

The Desktop serves as your work -space. The desktop, is where you access desktop- shortcut icons, such as My Documents, Internet Explorer and Recycle Bin. (By the way, desktop shortcut icons are a quick ways to open a file, or a program without having to navigate to their original location inside your computer programs - folder. A copy of a desktop shortcut icon, (displays a bluish "curved up" arrow)).




Send To Desktop command

Shortcut Icon

Creating A Shortcut Icon 

You can create a shortcut icon of your favorite web page, or a folder such as your music folder. To do this option, Navigate to you Start Menu button, click on All Programs, then point to select Accessories, click on Windows File Explorer>Right click on Music folder and point to select Send to Desktop option, to create a desktop shortcut. One advantage of using shortcuts icons is that, shortcut icons can be deleted whenever your desktop becomes cluttered without affecting the original document.
How to change your computer’s desktop background:
Your desktop has properties namely: colour, size and also the font it uses, (Don’t worry about these elements); it’s better to use the desktop default’s properties. However you perhaps wanted to change your desktop’s background (if applicable); to change your desktop background or the image that is being displayed on top of your desktop is very simple. This process is not something that you will be placing a new object on your computers' desktop, but that you will just simply change the desktop's appearance to enhance your desktop's background.
To display an image from your own files such as inside your C: drive or external drive; (whatever applies), Go Start Menu then point to select All programs click on Accessories and select to open up Windows File Explorer; on the windows explorer’s pane, navigate to your Gallery/ Pictures folder, select your preferred graphic, and then right click on top of it and point to select as Set as desktop background option on the pop-up menu dialogue box.

Windows 7 Desktop


My  own Win 7 OS Desktop -Details 
Below the Desktop is The Task-bar that shows the Start Menu button- (displays menu options and appear as links that you can click on and see its contents); The Quick Launch-bar-  (contains any pinned program, file, or folder icons, to open programs quickly, ); Any  file or folder buttons that you have currently open; A Desktop-toolbar, -(displays every item that appear on the desktop); And also the current Date and Time as well. 
If you want your taskbar to reappear and disappear, just right-click on the Taskbar and point to select Properties and then put a check mark on auto-hide the Taskbar box then click on OK button to save the settings.


My  own Win 7 desktop details


Pointing Devices 

A Pointing Device helps you to interact with objects on your computer.
Use the external Mouse and or Touch-Pad pointing device to open the Start Menu.  As you maneuver the mouse on the mouse pad, the pointer on the screen moves in a corresponding direction. 
The pointer changes its shape accordingly, depending on its location and what kind of task you are performing. It has the left and right side, left is for pointing and selecting, while the right is for right clicking, to give you options, to what you can do with a certain object being displayed. Meanwhile, a Touch-Pad Pointing Devices, have no moving parts, you will need to slide your finger to move the pointer and tap to click on an item.




My own mouse Pointing device

Mouse Pointing device

You must place your forefinger over the left mouse button and place your thumb on the left side of the mouse. Your ring and small fingers should be on the right of the mouse. Use your arm, not your wrist to move the mouse, you must move the "mouse's pointer" over to an object on the desktop. A mouse is usually placed on a mouse-pad for smooth scrolling.
The Mouse pointing devices,  [looks like "pointer-arrow"], is normally the shape of an arrow".




Mouse Pointer Arrow


The Tower 

While your whole "laptop-computer", is already completely functional, and there's no need to attach any "hardware- part" to it to fully operate, meanwhile a "desktop-computer" can't be operated without its  "hardware’s parts", The Tower is the very important unit of a desktop-computer. It has a Motherboard inside, which contains the microprocessor-CPU, (brains of your computer), its responsibility is to process all the data.  The C: drive is (housed inside the Tower); It contains all the system files.
The Tower has also some slots to accommodate your external drives  to save and manage your files, (I.E. Floppy drives and Re-writable CD'S, are being sold by office supplies stores), while you are working on your certain projects, because the computer will not save your files permanently into its C:drive, unless you save it. You can also insert movies from DVD’S to play and watch as well.



My Own Computer's  Tower


The Modem 

A Modem (Wireless WI-Fi Network-Modem), is a must hardware, to connect to the internet. The modem is the one that is sending and receiving information from your computer over a telephone line or a high speed cable.


A modem comes from your Internet provider

FYI:  Just to let you know that with my experiences with Wi-Fi: The signal is sometimes different in other areas inside the house. If for instance your Wi-Fi is on the upper level, (meaning 2nd level), the occupant on the 3rd level will have no problem receiving the signal, but within the basement level; Wi-Fi signal will be kind of slow, so you will need a power line Wi-Fi repeater in the basement area of your house. You can ask your Internet provider about it and also it is being sold at your local electronics stores.

The Keyboard, has function keys which are use for different functions depending on their assigned jobs, and to your right side is the numeric keypad that gives you access to easily enter numerical value on your files, documents or whatever you are working with, that requires numbers; at the right side bottom is the navigational keys to help you scroll up and down the page within your document or on a webpage that are presently opened on your screen, (P.S. my Keyboarding post).
Your computer has (speakers) that are already built in within your computer but you have options to add an extra hardware that you might think is good to hear sound effects or to listen to better mp3’s. They are attached through USB-CABLE to the back of the system unit, also depending on what computer you have.



My Keyboard


The Printer

If you want to transfer any data from your computer to paper such as to print your resume,  scan your photos, web images or have a copy of your driver's license, and others,  then you need to connect a Printer device to your computer. You can access a printer anywhere, either by the Public Library or by a Net cafe.

Turning Off Computer

You may Turn off the computer by going to Start Menu Button down below left hand side of your Task-bar then press Shut Down command (depending on what your computer OS is), to close the Windows 7 and or 10 Operating System, and to turn off your computer properly. Turning off the computer properly is a must; don’t just press the Power On/Off button, instead go to start menu button and press on Shut down button. By turning off your computer without shutting it down correctly, you might damage data and lose your files.



 Shut down menu options

Computer’s Start Menu Button Options

Logging off, means you are exiting your work space and leaving the Windows 7 or 10 Operating system running and the computer is still on, in order to allow other users to log on, without restarting the computer,  This preference applies in public computer laboratories, libraries and other public premises.
Select Hibernate, if you want the computer to sleep, I usually do this method, if I wanted my son to play online with a specific time- frame so he can’t spend all his time playing games on the computer. [So if I programmed for 4 hours the windows; exactly after 4 hours, the computer will automatically hibernate, although he isn't finish with his game yet. The computer is on but the screen is locked]. This technique is good especially for children: who wants to spend all their time playing games online. Hibernate is similar to standby command.
Click on Standby command to put your work- space on (Windows 7 or 10),  in a power savings mode [to conserve its battery],  so you can quickly resume your session later. When you want to use your computer again, just press the Enter key on the keyboard; it comes out of standby quickly and your desktop is restored exactly as you left it.
You can Restart the computer (i.e. after changing the settings of the operating system or updating the windows OS), to apply the new settings. You may select Restart command also, after you installed a new program on your computer.

Electrical outlet

Power Bar 

Whether you have a laptop or a desktop computer, plugging it to a power bar is very important  due to the fact, that The Power Bar, or a Power Strip with Electrical Outlets, will protect any device that is being plugged into, against electrical power surges. 
If you will try to use your laptop as a PC, (a desktop computer like in a 24 hours situation, then you can do so but leave the battery and do not remove it, just plug the laptop and also charging the battery at the same time while using it. The battery will stop charging once fully charged and won't harm it at all. (It will be lighted up in greenish color once fully charged). Laptops are designed and capable to be used as a PC-desktop.

                                                                    [Exploring Your Computer] 

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